Don't wear headsets. Wearing headsets while running is an unsafe practice. They block out your sense of your surroundings and make you more vulnerable to many hazards such as cars, bikes, skateboards, dogs, criminals. Use your ears to be aware of your surroundings.
Run with a partner. There's safety in numbers, so avoid running alone. Find a partner or a group to run with. Not only will a training partner increase safety, but also, they can add motivation. Alternatives to running with partners or groups include running with a dog, carrying a self-defense spray, or running in areas where other people are.
Carry an ID. Information to put on the ID include name, emergency contacts, emergency phone numbers, medic alert information, blood type, other medical information, and insurance identification. Information can be written inside your shoes.
Carry a small amount of money. Carry some change for phone calls. It is also a good idea to carry a small amount of paper money.
Make sure someone knows when you are running and when you will be back. They should also know the route you are taking. Be sure to contact them if a non-emergency delays you.
Run during the daylight hours when possible. If you must run before dawn or after dark, wear light-reflecting or light-colored clothing.
Carry a noisemaker. A whistle or alarm device can be used to summon emergency assistance.
Don't wear jewelry. Chains, medallions, rings, expensive watches, etc. attract the attention of would be thieves.
Run against traffic. Always run facing traffic so you can see cars approaching. Do not expect drivers to see you. Anticipate and move away from vehicles. Avoid running on the streets by using sidewalks when available.
When confronted by dogs, slow down or stop. Be non-threatening. Don't run faster, throw, or hit the dog. This will make an aggressive dog more aggressive.
Cross intersections cautiously. Watch out for cars, pedestrians, bicyclists, etc. Assume that they don't see you. Establish eye contact with drivers before proceeding.
Ignore verbal harassment or horns. They want to know that they got to you. Don't give them the satisfaction. A provoked harasser could prove lethal to a runner.
Choose your route carefully. Run in familiar areas. Avoid un-populated or deserted areas. Steer clear of bushes, shrubbery, parked cars, and other blind spots that could conceal a person. Local running clubs can provide information on safe areas to run when traveling out of town.
Know your route well. Know where telephones, call-boxes, police stations, fire houses, hospitals, and open businesses and stores are located.
Stay alert and listen to your intuition. Be aware of your surroundings and react to them. If you have a bad feeling or are unsure about a situation, act immediately before it is too late.
Run relaxed and confident. Look forward and glance around occasionally. Look self-assured. Don't look downward.
Alter your route pattern. Don't run the same route every day at the same time. Don't be predictable to would be criminals.
Use discretion in acknowledging strangers. Look directly at others and be observant. Keep your distance and keep moving. Don't assume all runners are harmless. Don't approach a car to give directions.
Practice memorizing license tags or identifying characteristics of strangers. Positive identification is necessary to prosecute offenders.
Call the police immediately if something happens to you or someone else, or if you notice anything out of the ordinary. Delay in notifying the police could cause harm to another person and will hinder apprehending of suspects